RecyclerView缓存分析

    本文将对RecyclerView的缓存机制进行分析。源码基于recyclerview-v7-25

缓存介绍

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public final class Recycler {
final ArrayList<ViewHolder> mAttachedScrap = new ArrayList<>();
ArrayList<ViewHolder> mChangedScrap = null;
final ArrayList<ViewHolder> mCachedViews = new ArrayList<ViewHolder>();
// mAttachedScrap的不可变视图
private final List<ViewHolder>
mUnmodifiableAttachedScrap = Collections.unmodifiableList(mAttachedScrap);
// 预缓存数,设置后会相应更新mViewCacheMax的值
private int mRequestedCacheMax = DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE;
// 最大缓存数
int mViewCacheMax = DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE;
RecycledViewPool mRecyclerPool;
private ViewCacheExtension mViewCacheExtension;
static final int DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE = 2;
}

RecyclerView拥有三级缓存(算上mAdapter.createViewHolder的话其实就有四级了),我们先看下各个缓存变量的用处。之后会分析RecyclerView是如何使用这些缓存的。

变量作用
mAttachedScrap未与RecyclerView分离的ViewHolder列表(即一级缓存)
mChangedScrapRecyclerView中需要改变的ViewHolder列表(即一级缓存)
mCachedViewsRecyclerView的ViewHolder缓存列表(即一级缓存)
mViewCacheExtension用户设置的RecyclerView的ViewHolder缓存列表扩展(即二级缓存)
mRecyclerPoolRecyclerView的ViewHolder缓存池(即三级缓存)

获取缓存

对于多级缓存的使用我们来看下tryGetViewHolderForPositionByDeadline方法

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ViewHolder tryGetViewHolderForPositionByDeadline(int position,
boolean dryRun, long deadlineNs) {
if (position < 0 || position >= mState.getItemCount()) {
throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException("Invalid item position " + position
+ "(" + position + "). Item count:" + mState.getItemCount());
}
boolean fromScrapOrHiddenOrCache = false;
ViewHolder holder = null;
// 0) If there is a changed scrap, try to find from there
if (mState.isPreLayout()) {
// 从mChangedScrap中获取ViewHolder
holder = getChangedScrapViewForPosition(position);
fromScrapOrHiddenOrCache = holder != null;
}
// 1) Find by position from scrap/hidden list/cache
if (holder == null) {
// 从mAttachedScrap 与 mCachedViews中获取ViewHolder
holder = getScrapOrHiddenOrCachedHolderForPosition(position, dryRun);
if (holder != null) {
if (!validateViewHolderForOffsetPosition(holder)) {
// recycle holder (and unscrap if relevant) since it can't be used
if (!dryRun) {
// we would like to recycle this but need to make sure it is not used by
// animation logic etc.
// FLAG_INVALID 回收标记
holder.addFlags(ViewHolder.FLAG_INVALID);
if (holder.isScrap()) {
removeDetachedView(holder.itemView, false);
holder.unScrap();
} else if (holder.wasReturnedFromScrap()) {
holder.clearReturnedFromScrapFlag();
}
recycleViewHolderInternal(holder);
}
holder = null;
} else {
fromScrapOrHiddenOrCache = true;
}
}
}
if (holder == null) {
final int offsetPosition = mAdapterHelper.findPositionOffset(position);
if (offsetPosition < 0 || offsetPosition >= mAdapter.getItemCount()) {
throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException("Inconsistency detected. Invalid item "
+ "position " + position + "(offset:" + offsetPosition + ")."
+ "state:" + mState.getItemCount());
}
final int type = mAdapter.getItemViewType(offsetPosition);
// 2) Find from scrap/cache via stable ids, if exists
if (mAdapter.hasStableIds()) {
// 通过id查找ViewHolder
holder = getScrapOrCachedViewForId(mAdapter.getItemId(offsetPosition),
type, dryRun);
if (holder != null) {
// update position
holder.mPosition = offsetPosition;
fromScrapOrHiddenOrCache = true;
}
}
if (holder == null && mViewCacheExtension != null) {
// We are NOT sending the offsetPosition because LayoutManager does not
// know it.
// 如果使用者定义了mViewCacheExtension,则从中开始查找ViewHolder
final View view = mViewCacheExtension
.getViewForPositionAndType(this, position, type);
if (view != null) {
holder = getChildViewHolder(view);
if (holder == null) {
throw new IllegalArgumentException("getViewForPositionAndType returned"
+ " a view which does not have a ViewHolder");
} else if (holder.shouldIgnore()) {
throw new IllegalArgumentException("getViewForPositionAndType returned"
+ " a view that is ignored. You must call stopIgnoring before"
+ " returning this view.");
}
}
}
if (holder == null) { // fallback to pool
if (DEBUG) {
Log.d(TAG, "tryGetViewHolderForPositionByDeadline("
+ position + ") fetching from shared pool");
}
// 从mRecycledViewPool中查找
holder = getRecycledViewPool().getRecycledView(type);
if (holder != null) {
holder.resetInternal();
if (FORCE_INVALIDATE_DISPLAY_LIST) {
invalidateDisplayListInt(holder);
}
}
}
if (holder == null) {
long start = getNanoTime();
if (deadlineNs != FOREVER_NS
&& !mRecyclerPool.willCreateInTime(type, start, deadlineNs)) {
// abort - we have a deadline we can't meet
return null;
}
// 上面那么多缓存都没找到的话,就创建一个
holder = mAdapter.createViewHolder(this, type);
if (ALLOW_THREAD_GAP_WORK) {
// only bother finding nested RV if prefetching
RecyclerView innerView = findNestedRecyclerView(holder.itemView);
if (innerView != null) {
holder.mNestedRecyclerView = new WeakReference<>(innerView);
}
}
long end = getNanoTime();
mRecyclerPool.factorInCreateTime(type, end - start);
if (DEBUG) {
Log.d(TAG, "tryGetViewHolderForPositionByDeadline created new ViewHolder");
}
}
}
// This is very ugly but the only place we can grab this information
// before the View is rebound and returned to the LayoutManager for post layout ops.
// We don't need this in pre-layout since the VH is not updated by the LM.
if (fromScrapOrHiddenOrCache && !mState.isPreLayout() && holder
.hasAnyOfTheFlags(ViewHolder.FLAG_BOUNCED_FROM_HIDDEN_LIST)) {
holder.setFlags(0, ViewHolder.FLAG_BOUNCED_FROM_HIDDEN_LIST);
if (mState.mRunSimpleAnimations) {
int changeFlags = ItemAnimator
.buildAdapterChangeFlagsForAnimations(holder);
changeFlags |= ItemAnimator.FLAG_APPEARED_IN_PRE_LAYOUT;
final ItemAnimator.ItemHolderInfo info = mItemAnimator.recordPreLayoutInformation(mState,
holder, changeFlags, holder.getUnmodifiedPayloads());
recordAnimationInfoIfBouncedHiddenView(holder, info);
}
}
boolean bound = false;
if (mState.isPreLayout() && holder.isBound()) {
// do not update unless we absolutely have to.
holder.mPreLayoutPosition = position;
} else if (!holder.isBound() || holder.needsUpdate() || holder.isInvalid()) {
if (DEBUG && holder.isRemoved()) {
throw new IllegalStateException("Removed holder should be bound and it should"
+ " come here only in pre-layout. Holder: " + holder);
}
final int offsetPosition = mAdapterHelper.findPositionOffset(position);
// 调用mAdapter.bindViewHolder绑定ViewHolder
bound = tryBindViewHolderByDeadline(holder, offsetPosition, position, deadlineNs);
}
final ViewGroup.LayoutParams lp = holder.itemView.getLayoutParams();
final LayoutParams rvLayoutParams;
if (lp == null) {
rvLayoutParams = (LayoutParams) generateDefaultLayoutParams();
holder.itemView.setLayoutParams(rvLayoutParams);
} else if (!checkLayoutParams(lp)) {
rvLayoutParams = (LayoutParams) generateLayoutParams(lp);
holder.itemView.setLayoutParams(rvLayoutParams);
} else {
rvLayoutParams = (LayoutParams) lp;
}
rvLayoutParams.mViewHolder = holder;
rvLayoutParams.mPendingInvalidate = fromScrapOrHiddenOrCache && bound;
return holder;
}

为了方便理解代码逻辑,画了个流程图如下所示:


缓存池

现在来看看RecycledViewPool的实现。

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public static class RecycledViewPool {
private static final int DEFAULT_MAX_SCRAP = 5;
static class ScrapData {
ArrayList<ViewHolder> mScrapHeap = new ArrayList<>();
int mMaxScrap = DEFAULT_MAX_SCRAP;
long mCreateRunningAverageNs = 0;
long mBindRunningAverageNs = 0;
}
SparseArray<ScrapData> mScrap = new SparseArray<>();
/**
* 从缓存池获取一个ViewHolder,并从缓存池中删除
*/
public ViewHolder getRecycledView(int viewType) {
final ScrapData scrapData = mScrap.get(viewType);
if (scrapData != null && !scrapData.mScrapHeap.isEmpty()) {
final ArrayList<ViewHolder> scrapHeap = scrapData.mScrapHeap;
return scrapHeap.remove(scrapHeap.size() - 1);
}
return null;
}
/**
* viewType对应的中ScrapData添加ViewHolder
*/
public void putRecycledView(ViewHolder scrap) {
final int viewType = scrap.getItemViewType();
final ArrayList scrapHeap = getScrapDataForType(viewType).mScrapHeap;
if (mScrap.get(viewType).mMaxScrap <= scrapHeap.size()) {
return;
}
if (DEBUG && scrapHeap.contains(scrap)) {
throw new IllegalArgumentException("this scrap item already exists");
}
scrap.resetInternal();
scrapHeap.add(scrap);
}
/**
* 根据viewType获取ScrapData
*/
private ScrapData getScrapDataForType(int viewType) {
ScrapData scrapData = mScrap.get(viewType);
if (scrapData == null) {
scrapData = new ScrapData();
mScrap.put(viewType, scrapData);
}
return scrapData;
}
}

RecycledViewPool是由SparseArray实现,其中包含了多个viewType对应的ArrayList集合。获取时通过viewType得到对应的ArrayList集合,之后返回一个ViewHolder,并在集合中删除这个ViewHolder。添加操作也是类似,只不过在发现没有viewType对应的ArrayList集合时,将进行创建,并且在比较大小不超过默认大小5时,添加进入ArrayList。

总结

本文分析了RecyclerView的缓存实现,其通过多级缓存的方式实现了ViewHolder的重用,减少了ViewHolder创建,提升了效率。如果在阅读过程中,有任何疑问与问题,欢迎与我联系。

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GitHub:https://github.com/Idtk

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邮箱:IdtkMa@gmail.com


文章作者:Idtk

本文标题:RecyclerView缓存分析

原始链接:http://www.idtkm.com/2017/04/20/RecyclerView.Recycler/

许可协议: 署名-非商业性使用-禁止演绎 4.0 国际 转载请保留原文链接及作者。